Reservation as subject in the Indian society is not a new one. It was running even from the pre-independence times. The Indian constitution proclaims India as sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic and promises to all its citizens, justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. The State created by the Constitution is pledged to politico-socio-economic equality of all citizens irrespective of sex, caste and creed, committed to social reform, social change and removal of discrimination between one citizen and another. By the Government of India Act 1909 and 1919, the British Empire allotted some reservation or quota for Muslims and other minority classes in the administration according to the proportion of their population. The constitution of ‘Republic of India’ adopted in the year 1956. This constitution had a provision of reservation for the socially backward communities, primarily the SCs, STs and OBCs. These are the categories of people belonging to certain cast, tribe or region as admitted in the government schedule. These sections were economically, socially and educationally backward. They didn’t have the resources to compete.
By the Ninety-Third Amendment to the Constitution of India came into force on January 20, 2006, and allows the government to make special provisions for the admission “of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens” to “educational institutions including private educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by the State.” Thus Clause (5) of Article 15 for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the scheduled castes or scheduled tribes insofar as such special provisions relate to their admission to educational institutions including private educational institutions; whether aided or unaided by the state, other than the minority educational institutions referred to in clause (1) of Article 30.
Cite this article:
Jayant Minj. Reservation in Educational Institution . Int. J. Rev. and Res. Social Sci. 2018; 6(1):51-66. doi: 10.5958/2454-2687.2018.00008.4