The quantum of female in total world population is less than the quantum of male counterpart. The difference between two at world level shows the deficit of 18 females per thousand males. India being a second large populous country has shown the continuous difference in male female ratio till the date. Despite the PNDT act of 199, the unethical practices like female foeticide for son preference are continuing and causing to increase the male female differences. Though the trend after 1991 is showing the improvement in female sex ratio, the cautious analysis of census data shows the decline in child sex ratio during the last decade from 2001 to 2011.Child Sex Ratio being a less affected from migration shows that, the sex discrimination in India is found more in urban sector than the rural counterpart. The Spatial pattern of sex ratio shows very large difference in sex ratio among the states. There are many states reported positive change in the overall sex ratio on the contrary there is a long list of states reported negative change in the child sex ratio. The large populous states like Uttar Pradesh, Mharashtra, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat has reported low child sex ratio for both the age groups. The impact analysis of individual states on overall sex ratio fives the name of states where policy initiatives are required. At the last this paper highlights the sex ratio of religious group and the backward class i.e. SC and ST.
Cite this article:
Pramod Pandurangrao Lonarkar. Change, Differences and the Spatial Pattern of Sex Ratio in India. Int. J. Rev. and Res. Social Sci. 2018; 6(3):248-254. doi: 10.5958/2454-2687.2018.00023.0