Author(s): Parihar Anand Kumar Singh, Singh Moksha

Email(s): msingh.eng@nitrr.ac.in

DOI: 10.52711/2454-2687.2023.00046   

Address: Parihar Anand Kumar Singh1, Singh Moksha2
1PhD Scholar, Humanities of Social Sciencce, National Institute of Technology, Raipur, India. 2Faculty, Humanities of Social Sciencce, National Institute of Technology, Raipur, India. *Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 11,      Issue - 4,     Year - 2023


ABSTRACT:
Background: India faces a critical challenge in maternal and child health, having reported the highest maternal and child deaths globally in 2010 and 2009, respectively. Despite a 70% decline in maternal mortality from 1990 to 2015, India still accounts for 15% of global maternal deaths. This study focuses on Uttar Pradesh, India's most populous state, where under-five child mortality rates are alarming, particularly in rural areas. Despite governmental efforts, accessibility, availability, and affordability of maternal and child health services remain problematic. Data and Methods: This study utilizes publicly available multi-level data from the HMIS portal of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, focusing on Uttar Pradesh. The HMIS is a crucial tool for monitoring and implementing national health programs. Examining data from 2018 to 2020, the study assesses the spatial distribution of Maternal and Child Health (MCH) coverage at the district level using descriptive statistics. The findings contribute to understanding MCH service utilization in Uttar Pradesh. Result and Discussion: This research investigates maternal health service utilization across districts in Uttar Pradesh, India, analyzing key indicators from 2018 to 2020. The study reveals significant variations in early registration, antenatal care, vaccination, and delivery preferences. Positive changes, notably in Basti and Kanpur Dehat, contrast with negative trends in Meerut and Varanasi. The findings underscore the need for targeted interventions to address disparities and enhance maternal health outcomes in Uttar Pradesh. Conclusion: Maternal health service utilization is vital for community well-being. Despite increased awareness, persistent gaps exist due to barriers like inadequate infrastructure and cultural norms. Addressing these demands a multi-faceted approach, including policy reforms, education, and innovative technologies. Optimizing maternal health requires holistic efforts to bridge socio-economic gaps and build resilient communities.


Cite this article:
Parihar Anand Kumar Singh, Singh Moksha. Addressing Disparities in Maternal and Child Health Services: A Focus on Uttar Pradesh, India. International Journal of Reviews and Research in Social Sciences. 2023; 11(4):270-6. doi: 10.52711/2454-2687.2023.00046

Cite(Electronic):
Parihar Anand Kumar Singh, Singh Moksha. Addressing Disparities in Maternal and Child Health Services: A Focus on Uttar Pradesh, India. International Journal of Reviews and Research in Social Sciences. 2023; 11(4):270-6. doi: 10.52711/2454-2687.2023.00046   Available on: https://ijrrssonline.in/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2023-11-4-12


REFERENCE:
1.    World Health Organization. Trends in estimates of maternal mortality ratio 1990–2015; 2015.
2.    Addisse, M., Maternal and Child Health Care. Lecture notes for Health Science Students. Ethiopian Public Health Training Initiative, 2003.
3.    Kumar, C., P.K. Singh, and R.K. Rai, Coverage gap in maternal and child health services in India: assessing trends and regional deprivation during 1992–2006. Journal of Public Health, 2013. 35(4): p. 598-606.
4.    Ebener, S., et al., The geography of maternal and newborn health: the state of the art. International Journal of Health Geographics, 2015. 14(1): p. 19.
5.    Kazembe, L.N., C.C. Appleton, and I. Kleinschmidt, Spatial analysis of the relationship between early childhood mortality and malaria endemicity in Malawi. 2007, 2007. 2(1): p. 10.
6.    Kumar, C., P.K. Singh, and R.K. Rai, Under-Five Mortality in High Focus States in India: A District Level Geospatial Analysis. PLOS ONE, 2012. 7(5): p. e37515.
7.    International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS). National Family Health Survey – 4, 2015-16. Mumbai; 2017.
8.    National Sample Survey Office. Key Indicators of Social Consumption in India (Health). New Delhi: Government of India; 2018:1–99.

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