Punishment according to dictionary- involves the infliction of pain or forfeiture, it is infliction of penalty. Chastisement or castigation by the judicial arm of the state. If the sole purpose behind punishment is to cause physical pain to the wrongdoer, it serves little purpose. However, if punishment is such as leads him to realize the gravity of the offence committed by him, and to repent at once for it, it may be said to have achieved its desired effect. As salmon observes, the ends of criminal justice are four in number, and in respect of the purpose so served by it, punishment may be distinguished as
1. Deterrents: Deter' means to abstain from doing at act. The main objective of this theory is to deter (prevent) crimes. It serves a warning to the offender not to repeat the crime in the future and also to other evil-minded persons in the society. This theory is a workable one even though it has a few defects.
2. Retributive Theory
Retribute means to give in return. The objective of the theory is to make the offender realize the suffering or the pain. In the Mohammedan Criminal Law, this type of punishment is called 'QISAS' or 'KISA'. Majority or Jurists, Criminologists, Penologists and Sociologists do not support this theory as they feel it is brutal and barbaric.
Cite this article:
Sandipta Padhee. Theories of Punishment all over the World. Int. J. Rev. & Res. Social Sci. 2(4): Oct. - Dec. 2014; Page 220-222