Child labour is a serious issue concerning every society particularly in the underdeveloped countries across the world. India is home of 12.6 million child labourers between the age of 5-14 years of age as per census 2001. Child labour is prevalent in almost all the informal sectors of Indian economy. They are engaged in hazardous occupations such as factories manufacturing diamonds, fireworks, silk and carpets, glass and bricks which are highly injurious to their health. How ever there are laws to prohibit child labour, yet children are involved in harmful labour activities such as dhabas and hotels, catering at railway establishments, construction work on the railway or anywhere near the tracks, plastics factories, automobile garages, beedi making, tanning, soap manufacture, brick kilns and roof tiles units below the prescribed age. The reasons for child labour peeping are inadequate economic growth, poverty, unemployment, over population and lack of education and health care. Through this paper, the author is trying to see the incidence, extent, causes, consequences and remedies of child labour in the country.
Cite this article:
Ritu Bala. Situation of Child Labour in India: Constitutional and Legal Safeguards. Int. J. Rev. and Res. Social Sci. 2017; 5(3): 155-160 . doi: 10.5958/2454-2687.2017.00017.X