A.K. Sahu, R. Sahu
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Dr. A.K. Sahu, R. Sahu
School of Studies in Law, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur CG.
Volume - 9,
Issue - 4,
Year - 2021
The study said that 14.6 per cent Indians were found to be alcohol users while 5.2 per cent wanted help. Close to 1.6 crore people in Uttar Pradesh have been found to suffer from alcohol dependence or consumed it in a harmful way. In Bengal, 27 lakh people have consumed alcohol while the figure for Odisha stands at 21 lakhs. The number assigned to a state is the extrapolated figure to match the population share of the state. Hence Utter Pradesh is found to have the highest number of harmful and dependent users of alcohol and other substances. Tripura (13.7 per cent), Arunachal Pradesh (7.2 per cent) and Chhattisgarh, Punjab and Andhra Pradesh (around 6 per cent each) were the states with highest prevalence of alcohol dependence. The survey found that alcohol dependence is lesser in states where prohibition in in force. For example, only 0.9 per cent of the population in Bihar and 3.9 in Gujarat were found to be alcohol users. According to the study, cannabis users number around 3.1 crore; opioid users 2.25 crore; sedative users 1.18 crore; hallucinogen users 12.6 lakh and cocaine users 10 lakh. The states which have recorded use of cannabis more than the national average include Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh, and Punjab. In terms of percentage of population affected, the top states in the country are those in the Northeast — Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Manipur. The current survey also points that heroin use prevalence is higher than 2004 and has, in fact, surpassed the opium use. Currently, the prevalence of heroin use is twice as much of opium use in total population. Nationally, it is estimated that there are about 8.5 lakh people who inject drugs. Analysis of Report Magnitude of Substance use in India of National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre in India (NDDTC) of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi submitted its Report "Magnitude of Substance Use in India" sponsored by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has conducted a "National Survey on Extent and Pattern of Substance Use in India" through the NDDTC of AIIMS, New Delhi during 2018 which provides data at the National level as well as at the State level.
Cite this article:
A.K. Sahu, R. Sahu. Study Magnitude of Substance Use in India. International Journal of Reviews and Research in Social Sciences. 2021; 9(4):153-6.
A.K. Sahu, R. Sahu. Study Magnitude of Substance Use in India. International Journal of Reviews and Research in Social Sciences. 2021; 9(4):153-6. Available on: https://ijrrssonline.in/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-9-4-2