Gender can be construed as a cultural frame for co-ordinating behavior and organizing social relations. As sociologists most of us are structuralists who perceive gender as inequality rooted in broad organizational and institutional structures with strong material bases.It is a multilevel structure of institutions of social practices involving reinforcing processes at the structural level, institutional level and individual level1. (Acker:1990) Gender divisions are not fixed “biology”, but constitute an aspect of the wider social division of labour which are rooted in the conditions of production and reproduction and are reinforced by the cultural, religious and ideological systems prevailing in a society” 2. Countries have adopted constitutions or legislations banning discrimination on grounds of gender. But women are still treated as second class citizens all over the world. Till date women worldwide bear the double burden of domestic work and childcare. In addition if she is a working woman, she has to adjust to her work situation also. She earns less than men and is excluded from decision makings within the family.
Cite this article:
Anurag Dwivedi. Gendered Identity and Social Inequality in India in the 21st Century. Int. J. Rev. & Res. Social Sci. 2(4): Oct. - Dec. 2014; Page 235-238.